This imbalance causes the tendons and joints in the toe to contract, pulling the first joint of the toe up. The bent toe looks like an upside-down V when viewed from the side, the APMA says. The big toe usually does not develop into a hammertoe, but all the other toes on the foot are vulnerable to this condition. A family history of hammertoes increases the risk of developing them, as does a foot injury or arthritis. Wearing shoes that are too tight can also be a cause. Hammertoes are more common in women than in men. Surgery is only done as a last resort. Another effective method is using a strong chemical peel like the TCA peel (trichloroacetic acid) to remove the corn or callus. A TCA peel is very effective as it will only affect the corn or callus, unlike sanding with a pumice stone which will remove skin on areas around or near the affected area. A TCA chemical peel is a controlled chemical burn which will result in the corn or callus peeling away harmlessly in a few days. Depending on the thickness of the corn or callus more than one treatment may be necessary. Calluses and corns on toes are common to both men and women. However, women are said to suffer more from them because women like to wear high-heeled shoes and other types of silly feminine footwear that do nothing to protect the feet from pressure while walking. They can be a big nuisance and embarrassment especially if one loves to wear slinky and open sandals. Part of the management of corns and calluses is to trim it off regularly which is ideally done by a podiatrist. Making an appointment and visiting the podiatrist takes time. Even medical providers and beauty salons use the product. Better to trim your toenail after bathing or after socking in warm water, as they become soft and easy to cut. Cut them straight across and avoid cutting into corners. Avoid barefoot even at home. You can use slippers at home. Avoid shoes and sandals with high-heel. Always wear cotton socks and comfortable, well-fitted shoes. Change socks and shoes everyday. Sprinkle some non-medicated powder before wearing socks to avoid effect of sweat. Do regular walking as an exercise as it increases blood supply to feet. But don't forget to wear proper footwear as exercise can cause undue stretching of feet muscles. You have come to the good place. After tons of know how of the Discover How to Eliminate Plantar Fasciitis and Foot Pain In As Little As 72 Hours and Cure It Completely Within 30 Days GUARANTEED!, I have come up with the Cure Plantar Fasciitis And Foot Pain description. Hammer toes are also a common cause of foot pain. In this condition the toes protrude and curl downward into a claw like position. Hammer toes are contracted at the middle joint in the toe (PIP Joint). When ligaments and tendons tighten the joints in the toe are pulled downward. Hammer toes do not occur in the big toe.